Jianshan Landscape City is a new type of city: High density, sustainable and livable. Drawing on the quality of the landscape assets in its context and the water network on the site, the city is structured around large
scale connections to the landscape. Water courses are integrated into a new continuous network of parks and gardens generating quality addresses and visual and physical access to the landscape for all.
The built fabric of the city is made up of different characters of mixed use area: CBD, residential area and the headquarters area – each with its own centre, these are connected together with a double loop of urban boulevards to form a string of pearls. The new city has a strategy for growth: a public transport system and a framework for expansion eastward. Ensuring sustainable growth into the future.
There are two levels of scope for the design of the Jianshan Landscape city. The vision and overall land use planning relate to the entire new district, of ca. 4200ha. Areas 1-4, ca. 1511ha have been designed in more detail. This includes an illustrative massing, building typology distribution, parking strategy and gross floor areas. A number of physical constraints are present on the site. Principally the elevated highway that bisects the site North-South and the existing water system. Other important constraints include the existing roads and buildings, power lines and geographical features.
We propose to create a city that maximizes the potential of its landscape assets. A city structured around large scale landscape connections between the hill and the river, integrating water into the parks, gardens and streets.The master plan illustrates the great potential of Jianshan Landscape City. A dense but livable city with a continuously connected landscape, a mixture of densities, functions and characters, a permeable network of streets and a human scale.
The central park is the main meeting space of the city and is organised into two main parts. A densely planted outer edge of forest and the inner area, a collage of different functions that will host a number of
different activities. In the outer part, a web of paths links from the context into the park. In the inner area a large central lake allows visitors direct contact with the water and plays host to a number of water based activities such as fishing, sailing and canoeing. Other areas are dedicated to agriculture, ecology and woodland. There is also a large events space.
The city contains areas with different characters, reflecting a different mix of programmes, densities and different urban atmospheres. The Central Business District is characterized by a combination of commercial and business and cultural activities. The main urban fabric is formed by urban courtyard blocks consisting of a plinth of 6-8 storeys, punctuated with high rise towers.
The CBD is activated with shops, business and evening activities. Green urban squares provide meeting places and event spaces within the city centre. The main focus of the headquarters area is business activities and supporting functions. The built fabric consists of a range of different office typologies ranging from low rise individual units to multi-tenancy towers. The CBD centre provides services and amenities at the city wide scale, shopping facilities, entertainment and major cultural events and activities. The buildings radiate the atmosphere of a contemporary business orientated city and are set within a network of green streets and squares.
Great cities have great landscapes. Their natural geographical surroundings, topographies and rivers, and the man-made landscapes, parks, gardens and streetscapes that have been developed within their city limits. The landscapes of great cities are iconic and form a symbiosis with the urban fabric and the city identity. Manhattan for instance, is as famous for its central park as for its skyline.
The primary plots or ‘superblocks’ of the plan are subdivided in different ways to generate human scale urban blocks and a permeable network of streets. Streets are made walkable through the quality streetscape, the permeability of the urban fabric and the active uses and frontages that define the public realm.
The new city has a strategy for growth – a public transport system and a framework for expansion eastward. Ensuring sustainable growth into the future.